Chhath competition or Chhath Puja is a 4 day people competition celebrated from Kartik Shukla Shashthi to Kartik Shukla Saptami. This competition is widely known six days after Diwali. Chhath competition is especially celebrated in an enormous manner within the northern Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Jap Uttar Pradesh and Delhi.
In Chhath Puja, there’s a ritual to offer arghya and worship Surya Bhagwan and Chhathi Maiya. Chhath is a well-known competition of Bihar celebrated in India for the reason that Vedic interval. This competition known as Chhath as a consequence of celebrating the main quick of Shashthi Tithi. Throughout this era, Vratdhari retains a quick of 36 hours. Throughout this time they don’t even take water.
Tithi: Karthik Shukla Chaturthi
The first day of Chhath competition is named Nahay-Khay. On this present day, the primary home is cleaned and sanctified. After that, the Vratis go to their nearest river or pond and bathe in clear water. On this present day, Vratis eat solely as soon as. Fried meals are utterly forbidden this quick. This meals is cooked in bronze or clay utensils.
Tithi: Karthik Shukla Panchami
The second day of Chhath competition which is named Kharna or Lohanda. On this present day, Vratis hold quick for the entire day, don’t take even a drop of water earlier than sundown. Within the night rice pudding is made utilizing jaggery and sugarcane juice. These two issues are taken once more by giving Naivedya to Suryadev, residing alone in the identical home.
All members of the family, pals and family members are given kheer-roti as prasad. This whole course of known as kharna. After this, the quick observes Nirjala quick for the subsequent 36 hours. In the course of the night time vrati makes Thekua salt dish as a particular providing for fasting worship.
Tithi: Karthik Shukla Shashthi
Sundown time in Delhi: 5:38 PM
Sundown time in Patna: 5:10 PM
The third day of Chhath competition which is named Sandhya Arghya. All through the day, all members of the family put together for worship. Particular choices akin to thekua, kachavaniya (rice laddus) are made for Chhath Puja. For Chhath Puja, a basket manufactured from bamboo referred to as Daura is put within the pujari, fruits of the puja, and positioned in Devakari.
After doing pooja there, within the night after taking coconut in a soup, 5 sorts of fruits and different gadgets of worship, hold them in Daura and take the lads of the home with their fingers and take them to Chhath Ghat. On this competition, particular care is taken of purity. On this complete occasion, girls typically go to the ghat to sing the songs of Chhath Maiya.
On the banks of the river, a Chhath Mata chaura is made and coconut is positioned on it, with all of the gadgets of worship on it, and the lamp is lit. Shortly earlier than sundown, by taking the entire worship merchandise, vrati’s stand in water as much as the knees and affords arghya to the drowning Surya bhagwan.
Dawn time in Delhi: 6:32 AM
Dawn time in Patna: 5:57 AMArghya is obtainable to the rising Surya on the fourth day i.e. the final day. Earlier than dawn, the Vrati-Jana reaches the ghat together with all of the members of the family to worship the rising Surya Bhagwan.
The dishes provided at Sandhya Arghya are changed by new dishes, however the fruits stay the identical. All the principles and rules are carried out in the identical manner because the night arghya. Puja archana is the ritual of worship of the ghat after completion.
Significance of Chhath Puja
The rituals of Chhath Puja goal to infuse the physique and thoughts of the devotee for the cosmic solar-energy infusion. It is just throughout dawn and sundown that the majority people can safely acquire photo voltaic power. That is the rationale why there’s a custom of providing Arghya to the Solar within the late night and early morning within the competition of Chhath Puja.
In historical instances, sages had been utilizing the identical course of as we used to do throughout Chhath Puja with none form of stable or liquid weight loss plan. With the assistance of an identical course of, they had been capable of take in the power wanted for all times straight from the Solar as an alternative of from meals and water.
Advantages of Chhath Puja Course of
❀ The method of Chhath Puja focuses on the psychological self-discipline of the devotee. Its goal is to guide the devotee in direction of psychological purity. With the assistance of a number of rituals, Chhath Vrat focuses on sustaining utmost cleanliness in all choices and surroundings. One factor that continues to be on the prime throughout this competition is cleanliness.
❀ It has an important detoxing impact on the thoughts and physique because it ends in biochemical adjustments. A protracted quick of 36 hours results in full detoxing of the physique.
❀ The pure immune system makes use of a variety of power to combat the toxins current within the physique. With the assistance of detoxing procedures like meditation, pranayama, yoga and Chhath rituals, the quantity of poisons current within the physique will be drastically diminished.
❀ Secure irradiation of daylight cures fungal and bacterial infections. On account of Chhath Puja, the power absorbed by the bloodstream improves the operate of white blood cells. Together with this, photo voltaic power additionally balances the secretion of hormones.